Evolution And Human Sexual Behavior

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Peter B. Gray
Publisher: Harvard University Press
ISBN: 0674074394
Size: 35.38 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2013-04-01 and 376 page. A comprehensive survey of the evolutionary science of human sexual behavior, Evolution and Human Sexual Behavior invites us to imagine human sex from the vantage point of our primate cousins, in order to underscore the role of evolution in shaping all that happens, biologically and behaviorally, when romantic passions are aroused.. Evolution And Human Sexual Behavior PDF Download or read online.

Evolutionary Mechanisms Of Defense Reactions

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Vaclav Vetvicka
Publisher: Birkhäuser
ISBN: 303488835X
Size: 20.37 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Medical release date 2012-12-06 and 201 page. At present, we do not fully understand at what stage of the evolution of living matter the first traces of defense reactions occurred. We even do not fully understand how and why immune systems reached their contem porary state in advanced vertebrates and man. It may be expected that in the near future these questions will be answered by comparative and develop mental biology. Together with an extraordinary explosion of our knowledge about immunity of mammals including man, an increase in the interests concerning origin and development of immune mechanisms at lower stages of the phylogeny can be observed. The search for simple types of immune mechanisms in less complex but still evolutionary successful animals is promising and may contribute to better understanding of highly complex immune adaptive responses in mammals. It is important to note that comparative and evolutionary immunology differs greatly from other branches of biomedical science. Apart from immunology and molecular biology, a specialist in this discipline has to be familiar with every detail of taxonomy, comparative anatomy, physiology, embryology, and even with the phyletic relationships of animals. Probably no monography could deal with the entire animal kingdom, because, in many cases, the insights into questions about immune mecha nisms of many animal groupings or phyla, and their possible evolutionary implications, are unknown or just now beginning to take shape. For the moment, our knowledge on such matters relies upon reconstructions of ideas that we have deduced from studies on members of relative taxa.. Evolutionary Mechanisms Of Defense Reactions PDF Download or read online.

Carbonate Reservoirs Porosity Evolution And Diagenesis In A Sequence Stratigraphic Framework

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Clyde H. Moore
Publisher: Elsevier
ISBN: 9780080528571
Size: 62.89 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2001-05-23 and 460 page. Carbonate Reservoirs: Porosity, Evolution and Diagenesis in a Sequence Stratigraphic Framework. Carbonate Reservoirs Porosity Evolution And Diagenesis In A Sequence Stratigraphic Framework PDF Download or read online.

Developmental Instability Its Origins And Evolutionary Implications

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: T.A. Markow
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 9401108307
Size: 11.19 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2012-12-06 and 441 page. Developmental Instability: Its Origins and Evolutionary Implications is a collection of papers and transcribed discussions from a conference held in Tempe, Arizona in June 1993. The papers represent a wide range of contributions, from the empirical to the theoretical, and include methods for measuring developmental instability across a variety of taxa and traits. This volume presents contrasting views on how to assess developmental instability as well as on the relationship of instability to genotypic factors, environmental factors and the action of natural and sexual selection. Readers will derive a working knowledge of the best way to assess developmental instability and will be able to design future work in an authoritative way.. Developmental Instability Its Origins And Evolutionary Implications PDF Download or read online.

Evolution Of Immune Reactions

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Petr Sima
Publisher: CRC Press
ISBN: 9780849365935
Size: 38.73 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Medical release date 1990-08-27 and 264 page. This book on phylogeny and immunity reconstructs the history and evolutionary pathways of immunity among the various forms of life. The authors argue that the immunity could have evolved different adequately successful patterns in the animal sub-regnum which are strictly determined by the morpho-physiological possibilities of the animals. They state that the vertebrate type of immunity evolved only in the chordate branch. The publication devotes special attention to the arthropods and molluscs, as they have attracted more investigative efforts than any other invertebrate taxa. The authors selected Agnatha, Chondrichthyes, and Osteichthyes from the vertebrate taxa in order to show where and how the morphofunctional basis of the truly adapative immunity of the endothermic tetrapods gradually evolved. Each chapter gives the description of the origin and interrelationships of the representatives of the taxon in question. Also given are the main biological, morphological, non-morphological and immune attributes. Emphasized throughout the book is the central idea that immunological reactions are a part of the overall biological phenomena and should be studied only from this aspect. The authors express that the fields of comparative and evolutionary immunology will provide inspiration for further investigations in biomedicine in the near future.. Evolution Of Immune Reactions PDF Download or read online.

Mechanisms Of Life History Evolution

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Thomas Flatt
Publisher: OUP Oxford
ISBN: 0191621021
Size: 22.18 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2011-05-12 and 506 page. Life history theory seeks to explain the evolution of the major features of life cycles by analyzing the ecological factors that shape age-specific schedules of growth, reproduction, and survival and by investigating the trade-offs that constrain the evolution of these traits. Although life history theory has made enormous progress in explaining the diversity of life history strategies among species, it traditionally ignores the underlying proximate mechanisms. This novel book argues that many fundamental problems in life history evolution, including the nature of trade-offs, can only be fully resolved if we begin to integrate information on developmental, physiological, and genetic mechanisms into the classical life history framework. Each chapter is written by an established or up-and-coming leader in their respective field; they not only represent the state of the art but also offer fresh perspectives for future research. The text is divided into 7 sections that cover basic concepts (Part 1), the mechanisms that affect different parts of the life cycle (growth, development, and maturation; reproduction; and aging and somatic maintenance) (Parts 2-4), life history plasticity (Part 5), life history integration and trade-offs (Part 6), and concludes with a synthesis chapter written by a prominent leader in the field and an editorial postscript (Part 7).. Mechanisms Of Life History Evolution PDF Download or read online.

Evolution By Gene Duplication

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Susumu Ohno
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 364286659X
Size: 53.43 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Medical release date 2013-12-11 and 160 page. It is said that "necessity is the mother of invention". To be sure, wheels and pulleys were invented out of necessity by the tenacious minds of upright citi zens. Looking at the history of mankind, however, one has to add that "Ieisure is the mother of cultural improvement". Man's creative genius flourished only when his mind, freed from the worry of daily toils, was permitted to entertain apparently useless thoughts. In the same manner, one might say with regard to evolution that "natural selection mere(y tnodifted, while redundanry created". Natural selection has been extremely effective in policing alleHe mutations which arise in already existing gene loci. Because of natural selection, organisms have been able to adapt to changing environments, and by adaptive radiation many new species were created from a common ancestral form. Y et, being an effective policeman, natural selection is extremely conservative by nature. Had evolution been entirely dependent upon natural selection, from a bacterium only numerous forms of bacteria would have emerged. The creation of metazoans, vertebrates and finally mammals from unicellular organisms would have been quite impos sible, for such big leaps in evolution required the creation of new gene loci with previously nonexistent functions. Only the cistron which became redun dant was able to escape from the relentless pressure of natural selection, and by escaping, it accumulated formerly forbidden mutations to emerge as a new gene locus.. Evolution By Gene Duplication PDF Download or read online.

Evolving Nature Of Objectivity In The History Of Science And Its Implications For Science Education

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Mansoor Niaz
Publisher: Springer
ISBN: 3319677268
Size: 80.91 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2017-10-26 and 237 page. This book explores the evolving nature of objectivity in the history of science and its implications for science education. It is generally considered that objectivity, certainty, truth, universality, the scientific method and the accumulation of experimental data characterize both science and science education. Such universal values associated with science may be challenged while studying controversies in their original historical context. The scientific enterprise is not characterized by objectivity or the scientific method, but rather controversies, alternative interpretations of data, ambiguity, and uncertainty. Although objectivity is not synonymous with truth or certainty, it has eclipsed other epistemic virtues and to be objective is often used as a synonym for scientific. Recent scholarship in history and philosophy of science has shown that it is not the experimental data (Baconian orgy of quantification) but rather the diversity / plurality in a scientific discipline that contributes toward understanding objectivity. History of science shows that objectivity and subjectivity can be considered as the two poles of a continuum and this dualism leads to a conflict in understanding the evolving nature of objectivity. The history of objectivity is nothing less than the history of science itself and the evolving and varying forms of objectivity does not mean that one replaced the other in a sequence but rather each form supplements the others. This book is remarkable for its insistence that the philosophy of science, and in particular that discipline’s analysis of objectivity as the supposed hallmark of the scientific method, is of direct value to teachers of science. Meticulously, yet in a most readable way, Mansoor Niaz looks at the way objectivity has been dealt with over the years in influential educational journals and in textbooks; it’s fascinating how certain perspectives fade, while basic questions show no sign of going away. There are few books that take both philosophy and education seriously – this one does! Roald Hoffmann, Cornell University, chemist, writer and Nobel Laureate in Chemistry. Evolving Nature Of Objectivity In The History Of Science And Its Implications For Science Education PDF Download or read online.

Evolutionary Ecology Of Parasites

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Robert Poulin
Publisher: Princeton University Press
ISBN: 9781400840809
Size: 39.40 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2011-06-27 and 360 page. Parasites have evolved independently in numerous animal lineages, and they now make up a considerable proportion of the biodiversity of life. Not only do they impact humans and other animals in fundamental ways, but in recent years they have become a powerful model system for the study of ecology and evolution, with practical applications in disease prevention. Here, in a thoroughly revised and updated edition of his influential earlier work, Robert Poulin provides an evolutionary ecologist's view of the biology of parasites. He sets forth a comprehensive synthesis of parasite evolutionary ecology, integrating information across scales from the features of individual parasites to the dynamics of parasite populations and the structuring of parasite communities. Evolutionary Ecology of Parasites presents an evolutionary framework for the study of parasite biology, combining theory with empirical examples for a broader understanding of why parasites are as they are and do what they do. An up-to-date synthesis of the field, the book is an ideal teaching tool for advanced courses on the subject. Pointing toward promising directions and setting a research agenda, it will also be an invaluable reference for researchers who seek to extend our knowledge of parasite ecology and evolution.. Evolutionary Ecology Of Parasites PDF Download or read online.

Glq

Evolution S Rainbow
Author:
Publisher:
ISBN:
Size: 73.85 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Electronic journals release date 2005 and page. . Glq PDF Download or read online.

Der Entzauberte Regenbogen

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Richard Dawkins
Publisher:
ISBN: 9783499624650
Size: 18.56 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category release date 2008 and 415 page. Ein Regenbogen ist in all seiner Schönheit zweifellos ein beeindruckendes, romantisches Phänomen. Wird der poetische Charakter dieser Naturerscheinung kaputtgemacht, wenn ein Wissenschaftler wie Newton daherkommt und erklärt, dass man es hier mit der Zerlegung von Sonnenlicht in einzelne Spektralfarben zu tun hat? Nein, meint der Autor. Vielmehr zeigt er in diesem hochinteressanten Buch, dass das Vorurteil von der kaltherzigen Wissenschaft unbegründet ist, ja dass das Wunderbare unserer Welt sich gerade dann offenbart, wenn es der Wissenschaft gelingt, komplexe Geheimnisse und damit die Wunder der Natur zu entschlüsseln. Sinnvolle Metaphern und Analogien, die die Fantasie beflügeln und zu über das bloße Verstehen weit hinausreichenden Bildern werden, führen zu einer Poesie in der Naturwissenschaft. Aberglaube und Geschäftemacherei mit Mystizismus prangert er hingegen an, ebenso die für die Wissenschaft schädliche "schlechte poetische Wissenschaft", zu der er übrigens interessante Beispiele aus seinem Fachgebiet, der Evolutionsforschung, anführt. (2). Der Entzauberte Regenbogen PDF Download or read online.

Polyploidy And Genome Evolution

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Pamela Soltis
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
ISBN: 3642314414
Size: 72.79 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Science release date 2012-10-03 and 420 page. Polyploidy – whole-genome duplication (WGD) – is a fundamental driver of biodiversity with significant consequences for genome structure, organization, and evolution. Once considered a speciation process common only in plants, polyploidy is now recognized to have played a major role in the structure, gene content, and evolution of most eukaryotic genomes. In fact, the diversity of eukaryotes seems closely tied to multiple WGDs. Polyploidy generates new genomic interactions – initially resulting in “genomic and transcriptomic shock” – that must be resolved in a new polyploid lineage. This process essentially acts as a “reset” button, resulting in genomic changes that may ultimately promote adaptive speciation. This book brings together for the first time the conceptual and theoretical underpinnings of polyploid genome evolution with syntheses of the patterns and processes of genome evolution in diverse polyploid groups. Because polyploidy is most common and best studied in plants, the book emphasizes plant models, but recent studies of vertebrates and fungi are providing fresh perspectives on factors that allow polyploid speciation and shape polyploid genomes. The emerging paradigm is that polyploidy – through alterations in genome structure and gene regulation – generates genetic and phenotypic novelty that manifests itself at the chromosomal, physiological, and organismal levels, with long-term ecological and evolutionary consequences.. Polyploidy And Genome Evolution PDF Download or read online.

At The Rainbow S Edge

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Kenny Anthony
Publisher: Ian Randle Publishers
ISBN: 9766371571
Size: 39.26 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Saint Lucia release date 2004 and 387 page. . At The Rainbow S Edge PDF Download or read online.

The Prism And The Rainbow

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Joel W. Martin
Publisher: JHU Press
ISBN: 0801897513
Size: 13.18 MB
Format: PDF
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PDF Download free. ebook category Religion release date 2010-06-01 and 192 page. He urges his fellow Christians to refuse to participate in the intellectually stifling debate over evolution and creationism/intelligent design.. The Prism And The Rainbow PDF Download or read online.

How High Should Boys Sing

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Dr Martin Ashley
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409493911
Size: 33.73 MB
Format: PDF
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PDF Download free. ebook category Music release date 2013-01-28 and 194 page. 'A boy sings...a beautiful thing' (www.boychoirs.org), but is it? What kinds of boy, singing what kinds of music and to whom? Martin Ashley presents a unique consideration of boys' singing that shows the high voice to be historically, culturally and physiologically more problematic even than is commonly assumed. Through Ashley's extensive conversations with young performers and analysis of their reception by 'peer audiences', the research reveals that the common supposition that 'boys don't want to sound like girls' is far from adequate in explaining the 'missing males' syndrome that can perplex choir directors. The book intertwines the study of singing with the study of identity to create a rich resource for musicians, scholars, teachers and all those concerned with young male involvement in music through singing. The conclusions of the book will challenge many attitudes and unconsidered positions through its argument that many boys actually want to sing but are discouraged by a failure of the adult world to understand the boy mind. Ashley intends the book to stand as an indictment of much complacency and myopia with regard to the young male voice. A substantial grant from the Arts and Humanities Research Council has enabled the production of a multi-media resource for schools, choirs and youth organizations called Boys Keep Singing. Based on the contents of this book, the resource shows how, once the interest of boys is captured in primary schools, their singing can be sustained and developed through the difficult but vital early secondary years of ages 11 - 14, about which this book says so much. The resource is lavishly illustrated by short films of boys singing, supported by interviews with boys and their teachers, and a wealth of of animated diagrams and cartoons. It is available to schools and organizations involved in musical education through registration at www.boys-keep-singing.com.. How High Should Boys Sing PDF Download or read online.

Evolutionary Communication

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: James Lull
Publisher: Routledge
ISBN: 0429853033
Size: 59.54 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Language Arts & Disciplines release date 2019-11-28 and 342 page. Evolutionary Communication presents the first comprehensive evolutionary approach to the study of human communication. Presuming no specialized knowledge of evolutionary theory, this reader-friendly textbook explains why and how communication became the determining factor in human development. Drawing from the latest scientific research, Evolutionary Communication represents a truly groundbreaking contribution to Communication Studies as a field of study. Opening up an inspiring new approach for teaching communication, the book can be used as a core volume or supplemental text for courses ranging from Introduction to Communication and Communication Theory to special topics and graduate seminars.. Evolutionary Communication PDF Download or read online.

The Evolution Of The Immune System

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Davide Malagoli
Publisher: Academic Press
ISBN: 012802013X
Size: 54.63 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Medical release date 2016-07-21 and 384 page. The Evolution of the Immune System: Conservation and Diversification is the first book of its kind that prompts a new perspective when describing and considering the evolution of the immune system. Its unique approach summarizes, updates, and provides new insights on the different immune receptors, soluble factors, and immune cell effectors. Helps the reader gain a modern idea of the evolution of the immune systems in pluricellular organisms Provides a complete overview of the most studied and hot topics in comparative and evolutionary immunology Reflects the organisation of the immune system (cell-based, humoral [innate], humoral [adaptive]) without introducing further and misleading levels of organization Brings concepts and ideas on the evolution of the immune system to a wide readership. The Evolution Of The Immune System PDF Download or read online.

Meditations On The Tarot

Evolution S Rainbow
Author:
Publisher: Penguin
ISBN: 1101657855
Size: 43.32 MB
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PDF Download free. ebook category Religion release date 2005-08-25 and 688 page. Now in a fully corrected edition, one of the true spiritual classics of the twentieth century. Published for the first time with an index and Cardinal Hans Urs von Balthasar’s afterword, this new English publication of Meditations on the Tarot is the landmark edition of one of the most important works of esoteric Christianity. Written anonymously and published posthumously, as was the author’s wish, the intention of this work is for the reader to find a relationship with the author in the spiritual dimensions of existence. The author wanted not to be thought of as a personality who lived from 1900 to 1973, but as a friend who is communicating with us from beyond the boundaries of ordinary life. Using the 22 major arcana of the tarot deck as a means to explore some of humanity’s most penetrating spiritual questions, Meditations on the Tarot has attracted an unprecedented range of praise from across the spiritual spectrum.. Meditations On The Tarot PDF Download or read online.

Queer Environmentality

Evolution S Rainbow
Author: Dr Robert Azzarello
Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.
ISBN: 1409479242
Size: 34.11 MB
Format: PDF, Kindle
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PDF Download free. ebook category Social Science release date 2013-05-28 and 168 page. Offering a model for meaningful dialogue between queer studies and environmental studies, Robert Azzarello's book traces a queer-environmental lineage in American Romantic and post-Romantic literature. Azzarello challenges the notion that reading environmental literature is unsatisfying in terms of aesthetics and proposes an understanding of literary environmentalism that is rich in poetic complexity. With the term "queer environmentality," Azzarello points towards a queer sensibility in the history of environmental literature to balance the dominant narrative that reading environmental literature is tantamount to witnessing a spectacular dramatization of heterosexual teleology. Azzarello's study treats four key figures in the American literary tradition: Henry David Thoreau, Herman Melville, Willa Cather, and Djuna Barnes. Each of these writers problematizes conventional notions of the strange matrix between the human, the natural, and the sexual. They brilliantly demonstrate the ways in which the queer project and the environmental project are always connected or, put another way, show that questions and politics of human sexuality are always entwined with those associated with the other-than-human world.. Queer Environmentality PDF Download or read online.